Chinese Rock and Heavy Metal Kick Ass!

A few days ago, I heard my first Chinese rock and roll song. The day before that, I didn’t even know China had rock music. Now, I’m writing an article about it because I think every single person in the world should know about it.

Chinese Rock and Roll

Rock and roll got to China very late. While America and England were already pretty much entirely submersed in rock and roll by the late 1950s, China didn’t get into rock and roll until nearly the mid-to-late 1980s. Cui Jian, “The Father of Chinese Rock,” is considered a pioneer in Chinese music and is also considered one of the first Chinese artists to ever write rock songs. He formed his first band, Qi He Ban (“Seven Player Band”), in 1984, which was heavily influenced by The Beatles, the Rolling Stones, and the Talking Heads. They performed their own music in local hotels and bars and released their first cassette, Vagabond’s Return, the same year. In 1985, the band released another album titled Cui Jian with Seven-Player band. The album featured a combination of Western pop rock as well as new originals. It also featured more prominent use of the electric guitar, which was seldom used in Chinese popular music. After this, Cui left the band.

In 1986, Cui shot to stardom when he performed “Nothing to My Name” on the 100-Singer Concert of Year of International Peace at Beijing Worker’s Stadium – in one of their posts, FaZiMusic.com refers to that moment “akin to The Beatles playing Ed Sullivan” for modern Chinese music. The next year, Cui left his permanent orchestra job, named his band ADO, and his first real rock album Rock and Roll on the New Long March was released in 1989. He also parodied Old Communist Party sayings and proverbs, such as setting the old revolutionary song “Nanniwan” to rock music in 1991. In 1988, Cui performed a concert broadcast worldwide in conjunction with the Seoul Summer Olympics.

cui-jian
Cui Jian, The Father of Chinese Rock

Cui Jan reached the height of his popularity in 1989 with the Tienanmen Square protests when “Nothing to My Name” became an anthem for student protesters. Cui was known to frequently appear with the students at the square. A government crackdown led many Chinese rockstars to hide in other provinces of the country, but it didn’t last long and Cui returned. In 1990, he began his first tour entitled “New Long March.” Halfway through his tour, he became popular for wearing a red blindfold across his eyes before performing his well-known political anthem, “A Piece of Red Cloth”. The government cancelled the rest of his tour.

From the late 1990s to beyond, Cui was banned from playing in many places in and around Beijing, but played many sold-out concerts elsewhere in China, only facing occasional government intervention. Cui’s records have remained off-limits for broadcast on regular state-controlled radio and television stations.

 

Cui Jian's legendary red blindfold
Cui Jian and his legendary red blindfold

 

cui-jian-image
Cui Jian
Chinese Heavy Metal

China has a very big underground scene which has a pretty decent love for heavy metal. Two of China’s most notorious rock bands are heavy metal bands: Tang Dynasty, formed in 1988, are credited as being China’s first heavy metal band; and Black Panther, formed in 1987, recently reunited and released a new album in 2013.

 

Tang Dynasty

 

Black Panther
Black Panther

Suggested Listening:

Hei Bao/Black Panther album
Hei Bao/Black Panther album cover


Further Reading:

Sex, Drugs and Chinese Rock

Rock in China: Black Panther

Modernization and Music in Contemporary China: Crisis, Identity, and the Politics of Style

A History of Chinese Rock: Post-Punk, Post-Politics and Post-Putonghua

Sources:

Black Panther. (13 Aug 2016). In Wikipedia. Retrieved August 14, 2016, from
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Panther_(band)

Chinese Heavy Metal. (8 May 2016). In Wikipedia. Retrieved August 14, 2016, from
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_heavy_metal

Chinese Rock. (26 July 2016). In Wikipedia. Retrieved August 14, 2016, from
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_rock

Cui Jian. (11 July 2016). In Wikipedia. Retrieved August 14, 2016, from
   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cui_Jian 

Salveson, Kevin J. (n.d.). Rock and roll in China: More personal than political. Fa Zi’s Chinese Rock & Roll History.
Retrieved from http://www.fazimusic.com/directions-to-fa-zis/rock-in-china-more-personal-than-political/

Tang Dynasty. (23 April 2016). In Wikipedia. Retrieved August 14, 2016, from
   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tang_Dynasty_(band)

If anyone has any knowledge of Chinese rock, I would be happy to hear it! Please comment below!

 

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The Author

Robyn

Robyn

Robyn Perry is a 19-year-old second-year student at California State University, East Bay studying American History, History of California and the American West, Anthropology, California Studies, and Public History with hopes of one day becoming a professional rock and roll historian. Besides being a music history author for CVLT Nation, Robyn is also the copy editor and journal designer of The East Bay Historia, CSUEB's student research journal; editor-in-chief of East Bay Punk Zine, based out of California State University, East Bay; and the editor-in-chief of Bitch Talk, an online feminist magazine.

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FuseRed
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FuseRed

By far the best band I have heard out of China is Fanzui Xiangfa – raging political hardcore (mix of locals and expats)
http://genjingrecords.com/archives/895 in fact you check out Genjing Records https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genjing_Records

Tenzenmen – has heaps of interesting Chinese music – postpunk/ indie etc https://tenzenmen.bandcamp.com/

There’s some more hc/ punk going on http://www.smartshanghai.com/articles/nightlife/music-monday-china-hardcore
plus http://www.pri.org/stories/2013-07-16/8-awesome-chinese-punk-bands-prefer-black-flag-over-red-one

And first wave punk was captured on the Wuliao Contingent compilation – Anarchy Jerks (or Anarchy Boys), Brain Failure, 69, + Reflector Demerit deserve a mention too
https://www.discogs.com/Various-%E4%B8%AD%E5%9B%BD%E3%83%91%E3%83%B3%E3%82%AFVA-%E5%8C%97%E4%BA%AC%E7%B5%B6%E5%8F%AB-Chinese-Punk-VA-Beijing-Scream/release/4419363

+ https://www.discogs.com/Various-%E6%9C%8B%E5%85%8B%E4%B8%87%E5%B2%81-10000-Years-Punk-Underground-China-A-Beijing-Punk-Compilation/release/831136

Dan
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Dan

i feel it is my duty to name drop deep mountains and zuriaake for anyone who might not have heard of them who might dig it. they’re nature themed atmospheric black metal

Lewis Growler
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Lujia Zhang

Lujia Zhang
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This article tells a lot about the singer himself but not too much about the ban. I feel sorry for him, I don’t understand lots of things Chinese Gover***** does . I will always be loving to hear his voice again and again.